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科普 | 关于不干胶标签印刷的小知识

来源:http://www.shengfengyinshua.com/ 日期:2019-11-21 发布人:admin
不干胶标签印刷
  不干胶是指以纸张、薄膜或其它特种资料为面料,反面涂有胶粘剂,以涂硅维护纸为底纸的一种复合资料为材质印刷的印刷品,在产品方式方面为复合资料单页印刷品,反面涂有胶粘剂,能够粘合在客户需求粘合的场所。
  Self adhesive refers to a kind of composite material printed with paper, film or other special materials as the fabric, adhesive on the back, and silicon coated maintenance paper as the bottom. In terms of product mode, it is a single page composite material printed with adhesive on the back, which can be glued to the place where customers need gluing.
  所谓不干胶印刷,就是在一定的压力下将油墨等物质经印版转移到反面预涂有胶层的承印资料外表的过程。
  The so-called self-adhesive printing is the process of transferring ink and other substances to the surface of substrate with adhesive layer on the reverse side through the plate under a certain pressure.
  No.1 不干胶的印刷方式
  No.1 printing method of adhesive
  1.胶印
  1. offset printing
  胶印是我国标签印刷厂印刷纸质不干胶的主要方式。胶印的特性是图文精密,层次丰厚,适于大批量印刷,且印刷设备可一机多用,合适中国标签市场的特性。胶印可印制较厚的塑料资料,如模内标签、标签吊牌,但必需给机器加装uv固化安装。
  Offset printing is the main way for label printing factory to print paper adhesive. The characteristics of offset printing are precise graphics and text, rich layers, suitable for mass printing, and the printing equipment can be used in one machine, suitable for the characteristics of the Chinese label market. Offset printing can print thick plastic materials, such as in mold labels and label tags, but it is necessary to add UV curing installation to the machine.
  2.网印
  2. screen printing
  网印是对承印物顺应性更广的印刷方式。网印标签墨色浓厚,平面感强,可采用uv油墨印制薄膜产品。除了屈指可数的几种轮转网印设备可胜任卷到卷标签印刷外,大局部网印设备为半自动平面网印机,只能印刷单张产品,套印精度不高,不合适与消费线配套的薄膜标签消费设备。
  Screen printing is the most adaptable printing method to substrate. The screen printing label has strong ink color and strong sense of plane, so UV ink can be used to print film products. In addition to a few rotary screen printing equipment, most of the screen printing equipment is semi-automatic flat screen printing machine, which can only print single sheet products. The overprinter accuracy is not high, and it is not suitable for the film label consumer equipment matching with the consumer line.
  3.柔印
  3. Flexography
  柔版印刷主要在北美地域比拟盛行。 其设备是中小型机组式印刷单元,以水墨为主,采用卷到卷印刷,圆压圆模切方式,具有消费效率高、工艺先进及契合环保请求等特性。
  Flexographic printing is mainly popular in North America Its equipment is a small and medium-sized unit type printing unit, mainly ink-based, roll to roll printing, round pressing and die-cutting, with high consumption efficiency, advanced technology and environmental protection requirements.
  4.凸印
  4. relief printing
  凸版印刷以亚太地域为主。亚太地域的开展中国度居多,标签印刷还比拟落后,即便是采用凸版印刷,但运用UV油墨设备的仅占少数,大局部标签印刷仍运用树脂型油墨、卷到卷印刷和单张纸印刷方式共存。由于人工贴标比例较高,所以单张纸胶印不干胶标签的应用普遍。在模切方式上以平压平模切为主。
  Letterpress is mainly in Asia Pacific region. The development of Asia Pacific region is mostly in China, and label printing is relatively backward. Even if letterpress printing is used, only a few of UV ink devices are used. Most label printing still uses resin ink, roll to roll printing and sheet paper printing. Due to the high proportion of manual labeling, single sheet paper offset sticker is widely used. In the die-cutting mode to press flat die-cutting.
  5.凸印+柔印
  5. Embossing + Flexography
  这种加工方式多在欧洲,柔版印刷的应用状况根本同于美国,凸版印刷也占有50%的比例,且凸版印刷全部运用UV油墨,设备多数为层叠式或卫星式。资料加工方式同样为卷到卷印刷。
  This kind of processing method is mostly used in Europe. The application of flexographic printing is basically the same as that of the United States. Letterpress also accounts for 50% of the total, and all letterpress printing uses UV ink. Most of the equipment is laminated or satellite type. Data processing method is also roll to roll printing.
  No.2 不干胶的印刷流程
  No.2 printing process of adhesive
  不干胶标签印刷属于特种印刷,普通状况下其印刷和印后加工是在标签机上一次完成的,即多道加工工序在一台机器的几个工位上完成。由于是联机加工,因而不干胶标签印刷质量的控制是综合性的印刷和加工问题,要从以资料的选择、设备的配置和调控以从工艺道路的制定等方面综合思索和施行。
  Self adhesive label printing belongs to special printing. In general, its printing and post printing processing are completed on the label machine at one time, that is, multiple processing procedures are completed on several stations of a machine. As it is online processing, the quality control of self-adhesive label printing is a comprehensive printing and processing problem, which should be comprehensively considered and implemented in terms of the selection of materials, the configuration and control of equipment, and the formulation of process road.
  选择原资料时,一定要选用高质量、各项理化指标均合格的不干胶资料,而不要选用过时或理化指标不稳定的产品。由于后者固然价钱低,但由于这类资料质量不稳定,在各工序耗费大,以至招致设备无法正常加工,在糜费了原资料的同时还糜费了大量的人力、物力,结果废品标签的加工本钱并不一定低。
  When selecting the original data, it is necessary to select the high-quality adhesive data with qualified physical and chemical indexes rather than the outdated or unstable products. Because the latter is low in price, but because of the unstable quality of this kind of data, it costs a lot in each process, which leads to the failure of normal processing of equipment. It also costs a lot of manpower and material resources while wasting the original data. As a result, the processing cost of waste labels is not necessarily low.
  No.3 不干胶印刷工艺
  No.3 self adhesive printing process
  1.印前处置
  1. Prepress disposal
  在印前处置方面,很多客户设计的订单都是以胶印或凹印方式为主的,这种原稿假如采用柔性版印刷,样张会呈现很多质量问题,如颜色不到位,层次不明显,呈现硬边等。因而,要处理此类问题,印前及时沟通是十分必要的。
  In prepress processing, many orders designed by customers are mainly offset or gravure printing. If flexible printing is adopted for this kind of original, many quality problems will appear on the sample sheets, such as the color is not in place, the level is not obvious, and the hard edge will appear. Therefore, to deal with such problems, it is necessary to communicate in time before printing.
  2.板材选择
  2. Plate selection
  在柔性版版材的选择上也十分有技巧。印刷企业的制版人员,对版材的运用、网线版的制造、层次的过渡、网点的增大补偿、印版的伸缩率等问题需求充沛理解。这样不只有利于消费,也能够控制好质量参数,防止人为干扰,减少了毛病的产生。
  In flexible plate material selection is also very skilled. The professional plate makers in printing enterprises need to fully understand the use of plate materials, the manufacturing of screen and line plates, the transition of layers, the increase and compensation of outlets, and the expansion rate of plates. This is not only conducive to consumption, but also can control the quality parameters, prevent human interference and reduce the generation of defects.
  3.设备选择
  3. Equipment selection
  由于标签印刷的特殊性,窄幅柔性版印刷设备相关于凸印及其他类型的柔性版印刷设备来讲有突出的特性,窄幅柔性版印刷设备不只操作简单,印刷质量及操作效率高,组合性强,能做更多品种的产品,更具竞争实力。
  Due to the particularity of label printing, the narrow flexo printing equipment has outstanding characteristics with respect to embossing and other types of flexo printing equipment. The narrow flexo printing equipment is not only simple to operate, but also has high printing quality and efficiency, strong combination, can make more varieties of products, and has more competitive strength.
  科普小结
  Summary of popular science
  随着人们生死水平的不时进步,不干胶印刷市场不时扩展,商标、贴纸、标牌、铭板的市场占有率日趋增大,这为不干胶印刷带来了无限商机。
  With the constant progress of people's life and death level, the self-adhesive printing market expands from time to time, and the market share of trademarks, stickers, signs and nameplates is increasing, which brings infinite business opportunities for self-adhesive printing.

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